Daily life wound how to deal with, how to deal with the wound quickly?

  In daily life, bumps and bumps are always inevitable, so do you know how to deal with different wounds? Are the wounds open or bandaged? So today, we will talk to you about those things about trauma~

  Trauma refers to the damage or dysfunction of tissue structure caused by mechanical injury factors acting on the body. According to the integrity of the skin and body surface mucosa after injury, it can be divided into closed wounds and open wounds.

  closed wound

  The skin remains intact, and sometimes there are scars, but without skin rupture and external bleeding, there may be skin bruising (subcutaneous hemorrhage, also known as ecchymosis or subcutaneous blood stasis).

  open wound

  Accompanied by skin and mucous membrane rupture and external bleeding. Bacteria can easily enter the wound and cause infection. Therefore, open wounds must be debridement in time. Common open wounds include abrasions, lacerations, cuts, stab wounds, and bullet wounds. Due to the rupture and bleeding of the skin and mucous membranes at the injured site, open wounds usually have different degrees of contamination and are prone to wound infection.

  Daily life wound how to deal with, how to deal with the wound quickly?

  do you really deal with wounds

  Treatments are different for different types of wounds.

  Under normal circumstances, after the injury, the wound is relatively light and can be treated by yourself. The treatment method is to disinfect the wound with disinfectant first, and then stick a Band-Aid to observe whether the bleeding is stopped. If the wound cannot be stopped, it is recommended to go to the hospital for treatment as soon as possible after bandaging.

  Especially serious wounds show the exposure of anatomical tissues and cannot be treated by themselves. You should bandage them with gauze as soon as possible to stop the bleeding, and go to the hospital in time.

  If the wound does not stop bleeding, you can first use rope, cloth, towel, etc., to bandage the injured parts such as limbs or fingers to stop the bleeding. Pay attention to the bleeding time to avoid limb ischemia.

  clean the wound

  When disinfecting and cleaning the wound, it should be confirmed that the wound has no dirt residue. The wound can be cleaned with water or normal saline (0.9% sodium chloride solution) to remove the dirt. gauze, cotton swab to remove.

  Wound disinfection

  After cleaning the wound, it can be disinfected with iodophor, and it is recommended to wipe the wound from the inside to the outside around 3-5 cm around the center. It should be noted that alcohol is not suitable for cleaning broken wounds.

  cover the wound

  Covering the wound is also a key step. Band-Aid is the most familiar wound covering material, which can exert effects such as compression and hemostasis, wound protection, and sterilization (such as some Band-Aids containing disinfectants). It is generally recommended to replace the Band-Aid daily to observe the wound. If you experience redness, oozing, heat, swelling, or increased pain, you should seek medical attention immediately.

  Keep the wound dry to heal faster? NO!

  After an injury, should the wound be kept dry to allow the wound to form a scab and heal under the scab?

  In fact, this approach has drawbacks: first, although the crust has a protective barrier function, it is not conducive to the crawling of epithelial cells; second, the dry environment causes the continuous loss of biologically active substances of the epithelial cells, which delays wound healing. Wet healing refers to the use of airtight dressings and/or liquid medicines to maintain a moderately moist environment and suitable temperature for wounds under sterile conditions, so as to facilitate the formation of wound epithelial cells, promote the growth of granulation tissue and wound healing. A moist environment prevents scab formation and reduces scarring, while an airtight dressing isolates the external environment and protects the wound from dirt and bacteria.

  How to promote wet wound healing

  Promoting moist wound healing, choosing the right dressing is the key.

  At present, there are six types of wet dressings commonly used on the market, including oil gauze dressings, film dressings, foam dressings, alginate dressings, silver ion dressings, and hydrogel dressings. These dressings all keep the wound moist, including:

  Oil gauze dressings and film dressings

  The ability to absorb exudation is weak, and it is suitable for wounds with less exudation such as abrasions or ulcers on the skin surface.

  Foam dressings and alginate dressings

  It has excellent water absorption, dissolves necrotic tissue, and is suitable for wounds with a lot of exudation, such as pressure ulcers, venous ulcers, etc., but not suitable for dry wounds.

  silver ion dressing

  It can continuously release low-concentration silver ions and inhibit the growth of microorganisms, so it is suitable for contaminated and infected wounds.

  hydrogel dressing

  The characteristics of hydrogel dressings are that water provides a moist, slightly acid healing environment, and has the function of absorbing exudation, so it is suitable for dry and small exuding wounds, such as cuts and stab wounds. Hydrogel dressings have the characteristics of protecting the wound surface, relieving pain, waterproof and breathable, not easy to leave scars, and long-lasting adhesion, and can provide a good moist healing environment.

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